Bank holidays and Summer Time

Bank and public holidays in England and Wales


England and Wales  2011 2012    2013   2014 2015
New Year's Day 3 January* 2 January* 1 January 1 January 1 January
Good Friday 22 April 6 April 29 March  18 April 3 April
Easter Monday 25 April 9 April 1 April 21 April 6 April
Royal wedding 29 April - - - -
Early May Bank Holiday 2 May 7 May 6 May 5 May 4 May
Spring Bank Holiday 30 May 4 June* 27 May 26 May 25 May
Queen's Diamond Jubilee - 5 June - - -
Summer Bank Holiday 29 August 27 August 26 August  25 August 31 August
Christmas Day 26 December* 25 December 25 December  25 December   25 December
Boxing Day 27 December* 26 December 26 December 26 December 28 December*  

* substitute day


There are different bank and public holidays in different parts of the UK. There are currently six permanent bank holidays in England and Wales and an additional one in 2011 and 2012. Christmas Day and Good Friday are public holidays.

The expected bank and public holidays for England and Wales are listed in the table above.

Special bank holidays

There are laws that allow the dates of bank holidays to be changed, or other holidays to be declared, for example to celebrate special occasions.

It has been announced that there will be a special bank holiday in 2012 to celebrate the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. The 2012 late May bank holiday will be moved to Monday 4 June 2012 and an additional Jubilee bank holiday will be on Tuesday 5 June 2012.

There was also a special bank holiday on 29 April 2011 to celebrate the royal wedding.

Substitute days

When the usual date of a bank or public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, a 'substitute day' is given, normally the following Monday. For example in 2009, Boxing Day was on Saturday, 26 December, so there was a substitute bank holiday on Monday, 28 December

Bank and public holidays in Scotland

Scotland 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
New Year's Day 3 January* 2 January* 1 January  1 January   1 January  
2nd January 4 January* 3 January 2 January 2 January 2 January 
Good Friday 22 April 6 April 29 March 18 April 3 April 
Royal wedding 29 April - - - -
Early May Bank Holiday 2 May 7 May 6 May 5 May  4 May
Spring Bank Holiday 30 May 4 June* 27 May 26 May 25 May
Queen's Diamond Jubilee - 5 June - - -
Summer Bank Holiday 1 August 6 August 5 August 4 August 3 August
St Andrew's Day 30 November 30 November 2 December*  1 December*  30 November  
Christmas Day 26 December* 25 December 25 December 25 December  25 December
Boxing Day 27 December* 26 December  26 December  26 December 28 December*
* substitute day


There are seven permanent bank holidays across the whole of Scotland. Christmas Day and Good Friday are public holidays. There are also other public or local holidays which can be determined by local authorities, based on local tradition. Since 2007, St Andrews Day has also been a permanent bank holiday.

There was an additional bank holiday on 29 April 2011 for the royal wedding.

Businesses and schools are not necessarily closed on Scottish bank holidays, and the Scottish banks follow the English and Welsh bank holidays for business reasons.

Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland, there are eight permanent bank holidays - the same six as in England and Wales, plus St Patrick's Day and the Anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. Christmas Day and Good Friday are public holidays.

Time off for employees

You don't have an automatic right to paid leave on bank and public holidays, though many people receive the day off work. Any right to time off or extra pay for working on a bank holiday depends on the terms of your contract of employment.

British Summer Time

British Summer Time (BST) starts on the last Sunday in March and ends on the last Sunday in October, at 1.00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT):

  • in spring the clocks go forward, losing an hour - at 1.00 am GMT the UK moves to 2.00 am BST
  • in autumn the clocks go back, giving an extra hour - at 2.00 am BST the UK moves to 1.00 am GMT
Summer time periods begin and end on the following dates:

  2011 2012 
Clocks go forward 27 March 25 March
Clocks go back 30 October 28 October

http://www.direct.gov.uk
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